Tilapia is from a genealogy of the Cichlidae family in Africa, which includes endemic hot water fish in Africa. They are resistant to pH between 5 and 11 and ammonia concentration of 2.5 mg / L. Although tilapias are freshwater fish, some species can live in salt water and can withstand high temperatures (between 13 ° C and 30 ° C) as well as have low oxygen requirements. Tilapia demand with high nutritional value and easy to grow is increasing day by day.

Clean water, oxygen, food and light are required to make tilapia farming. Tilapia can be cultivated efficiently where all these are provided under optimum conditions.

Fresh water required to grow tilapia can be obtained with new water supply or good maintenance of existing water. For the new water inlet, water and pool temperature should be same and the water should be of drinking water quality.

Tilapia Farming Phases

Incubation ;

Each of the following works has unique steps and techniques specific to the operation of a tilapia hatchery. It should also be noted that the equipment and facilities used for incubation are specific to the hatchery activities and are only useful in the first few weeks of the life of tilapia.

  • Caring for breeding colonies,
  • To promote ovulation,
  • Egg extraction or nursery isolation,
  • Tilapia fry care,
  • To increase the size of fry,
  • To rate fingerprints according to growth rates before delivering to the magnification facility.


This is the stage that before harvest process in tilapia farming, after raising fry tilapia to the finger size. At this stage, aim of tilapia farmer is to increase tilapia to the size of harvest in a fast, economical and healthy manner. Includes coverage, testing, sorting, weighing and various maintenance tasks.

Harvesting or Processing;

This stage includes selecting tilapia, moving them to a finishing pool, collecting them for processing and converting them into varieties such as fillets. If these works can not be done by the fish grower and can be transferred to other fish processing plants.


For more information about Aquaculture Tilapia Farming please contact us