Tilapia is from a genealogy of the Cichlidae family in Africa, which includes endemic hot water fish in Africa. They are resistant to pH between 5 and 11 and ammonia concentration of 2.5 mg / L. Although tilapias are freshwater fish, some species can live in salt water and can withstand high temperatures (between 13 ° C and 30 ° C) as well as have low oxygen requirements. Tilapia demand with high nutritional value and easy to grow is increasing day by day.
Clean water, oxygen, food and light are required to make tilapia farming. Tilapia can be cultivated efficiently where all these are provided under optimum conditions.
Fresh water required to grow tilapia can be obtained with new water supply or good maintenance of existing water. For the new water inlet, water and pool temperature should be same and the water should be of drinking water quality.