Tilapia Features

Tilapia is a freshwater fish with high import and export volumes and easy to produce. In Tilapia farming, it is important to master all the characteristics of tilapia and to establish the condition. All aspects of tilapia are described.

Properties of Tilapia

Biological Properties ;

  • Their bodies are covered with long, very wide and small scales.
  • They contain a wide variety of color types but are usually gray, silver. It has a light purple color in its abdomen.
  • It has white and light red transverse lines which are prominent in old fish.
  • During breeding periods, the fins are red, except for the fin.
  • Its eye area is golden in color.
  • Tilapia nilotica is easily separated from other species due to the vertical brown lines in its tail fin.

Reproductive Properties ;

  • Tilapias reach their maturity in the second six months of age.
  • Their age varies according to species, depending on the amount of natural food in the environment.
  • When they reach a height of 15 cm, they begin to reproduce.
  • During the breeding period, the water temperature should be 20-21°C on average.
  • In cases where water temperature is maintained throughout the year, they continue to give off in 5-7 weeks. Male individuals make the nest in shallow water.
  • The female fertilizes the eggs after they leave their eggs in the nest.
  • Egg diameters are about 2.5 mm.
  • After spawning, female individuals wait to protect their eggs against dangers and even incubate their eggs in their mouths until the offspring come out.
  • Although the number of eggs varies according to the species and size of the fish, one of the most consumed species tilapia nilotican egg number varies between 100000-200000.

Tilapia Nutrition Facts ;

  • In fact, tilapia is a great source of vitamin D and has a high protein value.
  • Contains DHA (docosahexaenoic) acid. DHA is good for blood circulation, brain function and vision.
  • Approximately 20 grams of protein is found in 100 grams of Tilapia fish. In addition, valuable proteins have more amino acids.
  • First of all, it is good for blood circulation. Blood circulation is one of the key factors in the emergence of high blood pressure and heart problems.
  • It also reduces the amount of cholesterol in your veins. Cholesterol accumulation in the veins is the main cause of vascular occlusion, heart and vascular disorders.
  • This fish can be easily digested by your digestive system. Prevents inflammation and constipation.
  • When you consume with vegetables, you will have a very light and nutritious main course.
  • The vitamins of group B (B3, B6, B9, and B12) are rich in magnesium and zinc. These nutrients help your skin, hair and nails stay healthy. It also increases your physical and mental performance. You'll grow stronger and be able to handle more difficult exercises.
  • Tilapia fish is filling for a long time.

Tilapia Growing Features ;

  • Tilapia is a warm water fish that can develop at temperatures between 20-35°C. The optimum temperature range for good development is 22-30°C and the optimum growth temperature is 26°C.
  • Tilapia fish like other fish species grow better in neutral and neutral close 7-8 pH-grade water. It is noted that it affects the water between 5-11 pH and the minimum pH tolerance is 3.8.
  • The majority of Tilapia fish are herbivorous and some of them are omnivorous. However, their offspring are usually fed with zooplankton and microorganisms. Tilapia fishes feed with phytoplankton, algae and high plants. These fish, which can evaluate any kind of residue, are also easily can consume artificial bait.
  • In large tanks, the capacity to live in intensive stocks increases to 99%.


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