Tilapia is a genealogy of cichlidaceae (Cichlidae) family, which includes endemic hot water fish in Africa. Omnivor fishes and nest at the bottom of the pool. Male fishes carry eggs and larvae in the genus Sarotherodon. Female fish carries eggs and larvae in the genus Oreochromis. They are resistant to pH between 5 and 11 and ammonia concentration of 2.5 mg / L. Although tilapia is freshwater fish, some species can live in a certain amount of salt water.
The annual global production of tilapia is 3 million metric tons. With the continuous supply shortage in stocks throughout the year, Tilapia remains firm in the market and consumption is increasing day by day.
Tilapia is easy to grow because it is consumed in many countries of the world. Tilapia consumption is high due to features such as of high vitamin D source, good blood circulation and brain function, high amino acid content.
Tilapia is a freshwater fish with high import and export volumes and easy to produce. In Tilapia farming, it is important to master all the characteristics of tilapia and to establish the condition. All aspects of tilapia are described.